"We are pleased that the advisory committee believes there is a role for VIBATIV® in the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia, a serious disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality, particularly given rising microbial resistance to existing therapies," said Rick E Winningham, Chief Executive Officer of
The committee was asked to consider the totality of data presented including analyses of clinical cure and 28-day all-cause mortality.
The committee voted 6 (yes) and 9 (no) that the results provide substantial evidence of the safety and effectiveness of VIBATIV® for the requested indication of the treatment of NP, including ventilator-associated pneumonia, caused by susceptible isolates of the following Gram-positive microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus (both methicillin-susceptible and -resistant) and Streptococcus pneumoniae.
The committee voted 13 (yes) and 2 (no) that the results provide substantial evidence of the safety and effectiveness of VIBATIV® for the treatment of NP when other alternatives are not suitable.
VIBATIV®, a bactericidal, once-daily, injectable lipoglycopeptide antibiotic, was discovered by
Advisory committees provide
About VIBATIV® (telavancin)
VIBATIV® was discovered by
About the Nosocomial Pneumonia Clinical Studies
The NDA for the proposed indication of nosocomial pneumonia (NP) including ventilator-associated pneumonia is based on data from the ATTAIN I and II clinical studies in adult patients. ATTAIN I and ATTAIN II were two large, multi-center, multinational, double-blind, randomized Phase 3 clinical studies, in which 1,503 patients were enrolled and treated, 464 of whom were infected with MRSA. Patients with NP suspected or proven to be caused by Gram-positive bacteria were randomized (1:1) to receive either telavancin 10 mg/kg IV once daily or vancomycin 1 g IV every 12hr (the protocols allowed vancomycin dosage to be modified per site-specific guidelines). For patients with suspected or proven polymicrobial infections involving Gram-negative and/or anaerobic bacteria in addition to the Gram-positive organisms for which study medication therapy was used, aztreonam, piperacillin-tazobactam, and/or metronidazole were allowed. The objective of each study was non-inferiority of VIBATIV® versus vancomycin in clinical cure rate at the test-of-cure visit. Determination of clinical cure was based upon physician-judged resolution of clinical signs and symptoms of NP. In both studies, the demonstration of non-inferiority in the all-treated (AT) and clinically evaluable (CE) patient populations was achieved.
VIBATIV® Important Safety Information (US)
Women of childbearing potential should have a serum pregnancy test prior to administration of VIBATIV®. Avoid use of VIBATIV® during pregnancy unless the potential benefit to the patient outweighs the potential risk to the fetus. Adverse developmental outcomes observed in three animal species at clinically relevant doses raise concerns about potential adverse developmental outcomes in humans. If not already pregnant, women of childbearing potential should use effective contraception during VIBATIV® treatment.
New onset or worsening renal impairment occurred in patients who received VIBATIV®. Renal adverse events were more likely to occur in patients with baseline comorbidities known to predispose patients to kidney dysfunction and in patients who received concomitant medications known to affect kidney function. Monitor renal function in all patients receiving VIBATIV® prior to initiation of treatment, during treatment, and at the end of therapy. If renal function decreases, the benefit of continuing VIBATIV® versus discontinuing and initiating therapy with an alternative agent should be assessed. Clinical cure rates in telavancin-treated patients were lower in patients with baseline CrCl ≤ 50 mL/min compared to those with CrCl > 50 mL/min. Consider these data when selecting antibacterial therapy for use in patients with baseline moderate/severe renal impairment.
Telavancin is substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of adverse reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection in this age group.
Infusion Related Reactions
VIBATIV® is a lipoglycopeptide antibacterial agent and should be administered over a period of 60 minutes to reduce the risk of infusion-related reactions. Rapid intravenous infusions of the glycopeptide class of antimicrobial agents can cause "Red-man Syndrome" like reactions including: flushing of the upper body, urticaria, pruritus, or rash.
Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use.
Development of Drug-Resistant Bacteria
Prescribing VIBATIV® in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria. As with other antibacterial drugs, use of VIBATIV® may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi.
Caution is warranted when prescribing VIBATIV® to patients taking drugs known to prolong the QT interval. In a study involving healthy volunteers, VIBATIV® prolonged the QTc interval. Use of VIBATIV® should be avoided in patients with congenital long QT syndrome, known prolongation of the QTc interval, uncompensated heart failure, or severe left ventricular hypertrophy.
Coagulation Test Interference
VIBATIV® does not interfere with coagulation, but does interfere with certain tests used to monitor coagulation such as prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, activated partial thromboplastin time, activated clotting time, and coagulation based factor Xa tests. Blood samples for these coagulation tests should be collected as close as possible prior to a patient's next dose of VIBATIV®.
The most common adverse reactions ( ≥ 10% of patients treated with VIBATIV®) observed in the Phase 3 cSSSI clinical trials were taste disturbance, nausea, vomiting, and foamy urine.
In the Phase 3 cSSSI clinical trials, serious adverse events were reported in 7% of patients treated with VIBATIV® and most commonly included renal, respiratory, or cardiac events. Serious adverse events were reported in 5% of vancomycin-treated patients, and most commonly included cardiac, respiratory, or infectious events.
For full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning and Medication Guide in the US, please visit www.VIBATIV.com.
Relvar™ or Breo™ (FF/VI) is an investigational medicine and is not currently approved anywhere in the world. Relvar™ and Breo™ are trademarks of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies. The use of these brand names has not yet been approved by any regulatory authority.
VIBATIV® is a registered trademark of
This press release contains certain "forward-looking" statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding, among other things, statements relating to goals, plans, objectives and future events.
Michael W. AguiarSenior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 650-808-4100 email@example.com
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