Rick E Winningham has served as Chairman of the board of directors since July 2013. He has served as our Chief Executive Officer since our spin-off from Innoviva, Inc. ("Innoviva") (known as Theravance, Inc. prior to January 7, 2016) in June 2014. From October 2001 to August 2014, Mr. Winningham served as Chief Executive Officer of Innoviva, where he also served as Chairman of the board of directors from April 2010 to October 2014. From 1997 to 2001 he served as President, Bristol-Myers Squibb Oncology/Immunology/Oncology Therapeutics Network (OTN) and also as President of Global Marketing from 2000 to 2001. In addition to operating responsibility for U.S. Oncology/Immunology/OTN at Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), Mr. Winningham also had full responsibility for Global Marketing in the Cardiovascular, Infectious Disease, Immunology, Oncology/Metabolics and GU/GI/Neuroscience therapeutic areas. Over a fifteen‑year period beginning in 1986 with BMS and its predecessor, Bristol-Myers, Mr. Winningham held various U.S. and global management positions. Mr. Winningham is a member of Biotechnology Industry Organization’s board of directors and serves on the Health Section Governing Board Standing Committee on Reimbursement. Mr. Winningham served as a Director on the board of directors of the California Healthcare Institute (“CHI”) from November 2011 to March 2015. He was elected Chairman of CHI in January 2014, a position he held until CHI merged with Baybio to become the California Life Sciences Association (“CLSA”) in March 2015. Mr. Winningham was subsequently elected to the role of Chairman of CLSA in March 2015. He stepped down from the CLSA position in November 2015. He is a member of the board of directors of Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc and of OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Mr. Winningham holds an M.B.A. from Texas Christian University and a B.S. degree from Southern Illinois University.
Eran Broshy has served as a director since June 2014. Mr. Broshy has been an operating executive with Tailwind Capital, a New York based private equity firm, supporting their healthcare investment efforts since September 2015. From March 2013 until August 2015, he worked with Linden Capital Partners and Court Square Capital, both private equity firms, as Operating Partner and Executive Advisor, respectively, and from June 2009 until December 2012 he worked with Providence Equity Partners as a Senior Advisor supporting the private equity firm's healthcare information investment efforts. Mr. Broshy previously served for over a decade as the chief executive officer (until 2008) and chairman of the board of directors (until 2010) of inVentiv Health, Inc., a privately held company (and until August 2010 a Nasdaq listed company) that delivers a broad range of clinical and commercialization services to pharmaceutical and life sciences companies globally. Prior to joining inVentiv, Mr. Broshy was a management consultant with The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) for 14 years, including as the partner responsible for BCG's healthcare practice across the Americas. He also served as president and chief executive officer of Coelacanth Corporation, a privately held biotechnology company. He currently serves on the board of directors of Magellan Health, Inc., a public specialty health care management company, and within the previous five years Mr. Broshy has also served on the board of directors of inVentiv Health, Inc. He also serves on the board of a number of private companies, as a member of the Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (“"MIT”") and on MIT's Dean of Science Advisory Council, as well as the Simon Wiesenthal Center's New York Executive Board, American Jewish Committee NY Board and the Israel Venture Network. Mr. Broshy holds an M.B.A. from Harvard University, an M.S. in civil engineering from Stanford University, and a B.S. in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Henrietta H. Fore has served as a director since October 2013. Prior to our spin off from Innoviva in June 2014 and since October 2010, Ms. Fore served as a director of Innoviva. Ms. Fore has served as the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Holsman International Company, a manufacturing and investment company, since 2009. From 2007 to 2009, Ms. Fore served as the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development, and Director of United States Foreign Assistance, holding the equivalent rank as Deputy Secretary of State. In this position she was responsible for managing U.S. foreign assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reforms. She also served on the boards of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, and the Millennium Challenge Corporation during this period. From 2005 to 2007, Ms. Fore served as Under Secretary of State for Management, the Chief Operating Officer for the Department of State, where she was responsible for the people, resources, facilities, technology and security of the Department and was the Secretary’s principal advisor on management issues. Ms. Fore serves on the Corporate Boards of Exxon Mobil Corporation, General Mills, Inc. and Essilor International Group. She is Global Co-Chair of the Asia Society and a Trustee of the Aspen Institute and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). She also serves on the boards of the Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy, Center for Global Development and Initiative for Global Development, and chairs the Middle East Investment Initiative. Ms. Fore has a B.A. degree in History from Wellesley College and a M.S. degree in Public Administration from the University of Northern Colorado.
Robert V. Gunderson, Jr. has served as a director since October 2013. Prior to our spin off from Innoviva in June 2014 and since September 1999, Mr. Gunderson served as a director of Innoviva. He is a founding partner of the law firm of Gunderson Dettmer Stough Villeneuve Franklin & Hachigian, LLP, where he has practiced since 1995. Mr. Gunderson currently serves as a director of a number of private companies and served on the board of directors of Vitae Pharmaceuticals, Inc. until its sale to Allergan plc in October 2016. Mr. Gunderson is a Fellow of the American College of Governance Counsel. Mr. Gunderson holds a J.D. from the University of Chicago, where he was Executive Editor of The University of Chicago Law Review. Mr. Gunderson also received an M.B.A. in Finance from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and an M.A. from Stanford University.
Donal O’Connor has served as a director since October 2015. Mr. O’Connor is the Chairman of Galco Steel Limited and Huttonread Unlimited Company, having been appointed to their boards in September 2010 and March 2011, respectively, and has been a non-executive Director of Perrigo Company plc since November 2014. He was a non-executive Director of Elan Corporation, plc, from May 2008 until it was acquired by Perrigo in December 2013. He was a non- executive Director and senior independent director of Readymix plc from December 2008 until May 2012. He was appointed by the Irish Government as Chairman of Anglo Irish Bank from December 2008 until June 2010. He was the Irish High Court appointed Administrator of Icarom plc from 1995 until February 2013. Mr. O’Connor was a member of the Board of the Irish Auditing and Accountancy Supervisory Authority from its inception as an Interim Board in 2001 until 2009. He was a member of PricewaterhouseCoopers’ (“PwC”) Global Board from 2003 until 2008 and is a former Chairman of the PwC Eurofirms Board. Mr. O’Connor originally joined PwC in 1972 and was appointed partner in 1983. He was later appointed partner in charge of the PwC Financial Services practice in 1988 and leader of the Audit Practice in 1992. He was elected Senior Partner in 1994 and was re-elected in 1998 and 2003. He served as Senior Partner of PwC Ireland for over twelve years until 2007. Mr. O’Connor obtained a Bachelor of Commerce degree from University College Dublin and is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland.
Burton G. Malkiel, Ph.D., has served as a director since October 2013. Prior to our spin off from Innoviva in June 2014 and since July 2007, Dr. Malkiel served as a director of Innoviva. Dr. Malkiel is the Chief Investment Officer at Wealthfront, Inc., a position he has held since November 2012, and the Chemical Bank Chairman’s Professor of Economics, Emeritus, and Senior Economist at Princeton University, a position he has held since July 2011 following positions as a senior research economist and professor at Princeton University since 1988. Dr. Malkiel is the author of A Random Walk Down Wall Street and over 125 articles and is the author or co-author of nine other books. From 1981 to 1988 he was dean of the Yale University School of Management and also served as the William S. Beinecke Professor of Management Studies. He is a past appointee to the President’s Council of Economic Advisors. In addition, Dr. Malkiel currently serves on the board of directors of several corporations including Genmab AS and served on the board of directors of The Vanguard Group Ltd. until March 2015. He also serves on several investment management boards including the Investment Committees for the American Philosophical Association and Alpha Shares, LLC. He is a past president of the American Finance Association and the International Atlantic Economic Association. He holds a B.A. and M.B.A. degree from Harvard University and a Ph.D. degree from Princeton University.
Dean J. Mitchell has served as a director since June 2014. Mr. Mitchell has served as Executive Chairman of the board of directors of Covis Pharma Holdings, a specialty pharmaceutical company, since August 2013, Chairman of PaxVax Corporation since January 2016, and on the board of directors ImmunoGen Inc. since 2012 and Intrexon, Inc. since 2009. Within the past five years, he also served as a director of Ista Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Lux Biosciences, Inc. and Talecris Biotherapeutics Holdings Corp. Mr. Mitchell served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Lux Biosciences, Inc., a biotechnology company focusing on the treatment of ophthalmic diseases, from July 2010 to August 2013. Prior to Lux Biosciences, he served as President and Chief Executive Officer of both Alpharma, Inc., a publicly traded specialty pharmaceutical company, from 2006 until its acquisition by King Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in 2008, and Guilford Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a publicly traded pharmaceutical company focused in oncology and acute care, from 2004 until its acquisition by MGI Pharma Inc. in 2005. From 2001 to 2004 he served in various senior executive capacities in the worldwide medicines group of Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, a pharmaceutical company. Prior to the Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, he spent 14 years at GlaxoSmithKline plc, in assignments of increasing responsibility spanning sales, marketing, general management, commercial strategy and clinical development and product strategy. Mr. Mitchell holds an M.B.A. from City University London and a B.Sc. in biology from Coventry University.
Susan M. Molineaux, Ph.D. has served as a director since April 22, 2015. Dr. Molineaux has served as President, Chief Executive Officer and as a member of the board of directors of Calithera Biosciences, Inc. since she co-founded the biopharmaceutical company in March 2010. Dr. Molineaux co-founded Proteolix, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, where she served as Chief Scientific Officer from 2003 to 2005, Chief Executive Officer from January 2006 to January 2009 and again as Chief Scientific Officer from February 2009 until Proteolix’s acquisition by Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in November 2009. From 2000 to 2003, Dr. Molineaux served as Vice President of Biology at Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a drug development company. From 1999 to 2000, she served as Vice President of Biology at Praelux, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, and from 1994 through 1999, she served as Vice President of Drug Development at Praecis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company. From 1989 until 1994, she was a scientist in the Immunology group at Merck & Co. Dr. Molineaux also serves as a member of the board of directors of Geron Corporation, a biopharmaceutical company and served as a member of the board of directors of the California Life Sciences Association until March 2016. She is a Scientific Advisor at Lightstone Ventures. Dr. Molineaux holds a B.S. in Biology from Smith College and a Ph.D. in Molecular Biology from Johns Hopkins University, and she completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Columbia University. Dr. Molineaux’s extensive management experience in pharmaceutical drug development, particularly as it relates to managing and conducting clinical trials, her experience as a Chief Executive Officer and board member of multiple biotechnology companies and her demonstrated leadership in our field contributed to our conclusion that she should serve as a director.
Peter S. Ringrose, Ph.D., has served as a director since October 2013. Prior to our spin off from Innoviva in June 2014 and since April 2010, Dr. Ringrose served as a director of Innoviva. Dr. Ringrose was Chief Scientific Officer and President of Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute from 1997 to 2002 and Senior Vice President for Worldwide Drug Discovery at Pfizer Inc. from 1982 to 1996. Dr. Ringrose served as chair of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council UK from 2003 to 2009 and was a non-executive director of Cambridge Antibody Technology until its acquisition by Astra Zeneca in 2006, of Astex Therapeutics Inc. until its acquisition by SuperGen in September 2011 and of Biotica Technology, Ltd. until December 2013. He is currently a non-executive director of Rigel Pharmaceuticals Inc. Dr. Ringrose is a council member of the UK Foundation for Science and Technology and was a member the UK Government’s Technology Strategy Board until 2009. Dr. Ringrose received a B.Sc., M.A. and Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Cambridge.
George M. Whitesides, Ph.D., has served as a director since October 2013. Prior to our spin‑off from Innoviva in June 2014 and since the inception of Innoviva in 1996, Dr. Whitesides served as a director of Innoviva. He has been Woodford L. and Ann A. Flowers University Professor at Harvard University since 2004. From 1986 to 2004, Dr. Whitesides was Mallinckrodt Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University. From 1982 to 1991 he was a member of the Department of Chemistry at Harvard University and Chairman of the Department of Chemistry from 1986 to 1989. He was a faculty member of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1964 to 1982. Dr. Whitesides was a 1998 recipient of the National Medal of Science. He is a member of the editorial boards of 14 scientific journals. He is also a member of the board of directors of Nano Terra Inc., Arsenal Biomedical, Inc., 480 Biomedical, Inc., Diagnostics for All, Inc. and Soft Robotics Inc. Dr. Whitesides holds a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology and a B.A. from Harvard University.
William D. Young has served as a director since October 2013 and has served as our lead independent director since April 2014. Prior to our spin‑off from Innoviva in June 2014 and since April 2001, Mr. Young served as a director of Innoviva. He has been a Venture Partner at Clarus Ventures, a venture capital firm, and Executive Chairman of NanoString Technologies, a biotechnology company and Clarus portfolio company, since 2010. Mr. Young served from 1999 until 2009 as Chairman of the board of directors and Chief Executive Officer of Monogram Biosciences, Inc., a biotechnology company. From 1980 to 1999 Mr. Young was employed at Genentech, Inc., most recently as Chief Operating Officer, where he was responsible for all Product Development, Manufacturing and Commercial functions. Prior to joining Genentech, Mr. Young worked at Eli Lilly and Company for 14 years. In addition to NanoString Technologies, Mr. Young is a member of the board of directors of Vertex Pharmaceuticals. He was a member of BioMarin, Inc.’s board until October 2015 and Biogen Idec Inc.’s board of directors until June 2014, having served as a director since 1997 and as Chairman of the Board since 2010. Mr. Young received his M.B.A. from Indiana University and his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University, and an honorary Doctorate of Engineering from Purdue University. Mr. Young was elected to The National Academy of Engineering in 1993 for his contributions to biotechnology.